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click to enlarge Babac, Dusan. THE SERBIAN ARMY IN THE GREAT WAR, 1914-1918. NEW copy, hardcover. (Helion and Company, 2016). 500 illustrations and photos, including 36 color plates. 272 pages.

The Kingdom of Serbia waged war against Austria-Hungary and the other Central Powers from 28 July 1914 when the Austro-Hungarian government declared war, until the capitulation of Austria-Hungary. In the first two years of the war, Serbia defeated the Austro-Hungarian Balkan Army. The following year, her army was faced with the Axis invasion. Unwilling to surrender, the Serbian Army retreated through Albania and evacuated to Corfu where it rested, rearmed and reorganized. From there the army transferred to the Salonika Front, where it recorded successes by 1916. After a long lull, the struggle to penetrate the Front began in September 1918. Serbian and other Allied forces broke through the Front and Bulgaria was soon forced to surrender. The Serbian Army advanced rapidly and on 1 November 1918 Belgrade was liberated. Thanks to the Serbian military victories and diplomatic efforts, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia) was created.
~~~ Serbia paid for her victory in the Great War in a disproportionately exorbitant manner: it is estimated that she lost close to one million inhabitants, of whom about 400,000 were conscripts and the rest civilians, which accounted for nearly a third of the total population, or close to 60% of the male population. No other country that participated in the Great War paid so dearly for its freedom.
~~~ The Serbian Army in the Great War, 1914-1918 offers readers a very thorough analysis of the Serbian Army of the period, including its organization, participation in military operations, weapons, equipment, uniforms, and system of orders and medals. This book is a synthesis of all available literature and periodicals, appearing for the first time in the English language. The book is well supported by around 500 illustrations, out of which more than 300 are contemporary photographs and other documents, while this is complemented by dozens of color plates of uniform reconstructions and color photographs of the preserved pieces of uniform, equipment and weapons. A special emphasis has been placed on the colors of Serbian uniforms from the period. The book is the result of two decades of research and will enable readers to gain a clearer picture of this subject.


British General Staff, ARMIES OF THE BALKAN STATES, 1914-1918. NEW copy, hardcover issued without dustjacket. Battery Press, 1996; 26 photographs/drawings, 5 military maps, 552 pages. This is a superb collection of six very rare British Army Intelligence handbooks, all of which deal with the Armed Forces of the Balkan nations for both the 2nd Balkan War of 1912-1913 and the Great War. The six manuals are = MILITARY NOTES ON THE BALKAN STATES 1915, HANDBOOK OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY 1909, HANDBOOK OF THE GREEK ARMY 1906, HANDBOOK OF THE MONTENEGRIN ARMY 1909, HANDBOOK OF THE RUMANIAN ARMY 1910 and the HANDBOOK OF THE SERBIAN ARMY 1909. They all feature a detailed study of the organization, weapons, units and locations of each nation's armed forces. 1996 LTD r/p edition, 6 x 9, 411 pp of text, 14 uniform & insignia plates, plus 5 maps on 2 large foldout sheets in end pockets showing military locations in each country."


Davis, Richard Harding, WITH THE FRENCH IN FRANCE AND SALONIKA. VG. A tight, clean copy with very little wear except for minor chipping of lettering on cover. (NY: Scribners, 1916). Frontispiece photograph. 275 pp.
~~~ TABLE OF CONTENTS: President Poincare Thanks America; The Mud Trenches of Artois; The Zigzag Front of Champagne; From Paris to the Piraeus; Why King Constantine Is Neutral; With the Allies in Salonika; Two Boys Against an Army; The French-British Front in Serbia; Verdun and St Mihiel; War in the Vosges; Hints for Those Who Want to Help; London, A Year Later.
~~~ From the author's Preface: "This book was written during the three last months of 1915 and the first month of this year (April, 1916) in the form of letters from France, Greece, Serbia, and England. the writer visited ten of the twelve sectors of the French front, seeing most of them from the first trench, and was also on the French-British front in the Balkans. Outside of Paris the Fernch cities visited were Verdun, Amiens, St Die, Arras, Chalons, Nancy, and Rheims. What he saw served to strengthen his admiration for the French army and, as individuals and as a nation, for the French people, and to increase his confidence in the ultimate success of their arms."


Falls, Captain Cyril, MILITARY OPERATIONS, MACEDONIA, Volume I. NEW copy, hardcover issued without dustjacket. Battery Press, 1996; reprint of original 1933 edition. 5 photographs/drawings, 16 maps, 472 pages.
~~~ Originally published as part of the British official history set for ground operations in World War I, this volume covers in great detail the British forces sent to the Balkans to fight the German & Bulgarian forces in Macedonia, from the outbreak of the war to May 1917. It traces the German & Austrian offensives into Serbia, the defeat of Serbia, the entrance of Bulgaria into the war, the landing of Allied troops in Greece, the defeat of Rumania in 1916 and the Allied offensive against the Bulgarians in the Battle of Dojran April & May 1917. 1996 r/p of 1933 edition.

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Falls, Captain Cyril, MILITARY OPERATIONS, MACEDONIA, Volume II. NEW copy, hardcover issued without dustjacket. Battery Press, 1996; reprint of original 1935 edition. 5 photographs/drawings, 16 maps, 381 pages.
~~~ Originally published as part of the British official history set for ground operations in World War I, this volume covers from the Spring of 1917 to the end of the war. It covers operations in great detail from June 1917 to the final successful offensive of the war in 1918 and the subsequent advance into Bulgaria & Turkey. 1996 r/p of 1935 edition.

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Falls, Captain Cyril, MILITARY OPERATIONS, MACEDONIA. Complete two-volume set. The two volumes listed above, as a complete set (Vol I; Vol II).


click to enlarge Hooton, E.R. PRELUDE TO THE FIRST WORLD WAR: The Balkan Wars, 1912-1913. NEW copy, hardcover. (Fonthill Media, 2012). 32 b&w photographs. 240 pages.

The fuse to the First World War was lit in the Balkans where simmering hatreds exploded into violence. Like a string of firecrackers, these hatreds had been fueled by attacks on the Turkish Ottoman Empire in the previous few years. From 1911-1912, Italy seized Libya. In 1912, the Balkan states united to drive Turkey out of Europe in the First Balkans War, and in the following year in the Second Balkans War, turned on each other in a division of the spoils which allowed Turkey to retain a foothold in Europe. This was a war of land campaigns, sea battles and amphibious operations in which the new military technology was first used. Submarine and aircraft attacked ships, aircraft made reconnaissance flights and bombed troops while even electronic warfare was used. It also saw mirror images of the events in the First World War; Bulgarians driven from Salonika where an Allied army would later be contained and Turkish troops held back in the Dardanelles, their guns driving off a naval task force. These now forgotten wars were the overture to the First World War and yet they have overtones a century later. The First World War saw echoes of these campaigns in Salonika and especially in the Dardanelles, while the ethnic tensions would erupt into further bloodshed after the Cold War ended as Yugoslavia collapsed during the 1990s.


click to enlarge Jordan, David. THE BALKANS, ITALY AND AFRICA, 1914-1918. NEW copy, hardcover. (Amber Books, 2012). 150 color and b&w photographs and 50 artworks. 224 pages.

Italy had been allied with the German and Austro-Hungarian Empires since 1882 as part of the Triple Alliance. However, the nation had its own designs on Austrian territory in Trentino, Istria and Dalmatia. Rome had a secret 1902 pact with France, effectively nullifying its alliance. At the start of hostilities, Italy refused to commit troops, arguing that the Triple Alliance was defensive in nature, and that Austria-Hungary was an aggressor. The Austro-Hungarian government began negotiations to secure Italian neutrality, offering the French colony of Tunisia in return. However, Italy then joined the Entente in April 1915 and declared war on Austria-Hungary in May. Fifteen months later, it declared war on Germany. Faced with Russia, Austria-Hungary could spare only one third of its army to attack Serbia. After suffering heavy losses, the Austrians briefly occupied the Serbian capital, Belgrade. Serbian counterattacks, however, succeeded in driving them from the country by the end of 1914. The Serbs suffered defeat near modern day Gnjilane in Kosovo, forces being evacuated by ship to Greece. In late 1915 a Franco-British force landed at Salonica in Greece, to offer assistance and to pressure the government to declare war against the Central Powers. Only at the end of the conflict were the Entente powers able to break through, which was after most of the German and Austro-Hungarian troops had been withdrawn. Some of the first clashes of the war involved British, French and German colonial forces in Africa. On 7 August, French and British troops invaded the German protectorate of Togoland. On 10 August German forces in South-West Africa attacked South Africa; sporadic and fierce fighting continued for the remainder of the war.


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